Biochemistry is the application of chemistry to the study of biological processes at the cellular and molecular level.


Hematology is the science or study of blood, blood-forming organs and blood diseases.

Clinical Pathology

Clinical Pathology supports the diagnosis of disease using laboratory testing of blood and other bodily fluids, tissues, and microscopic evaluation of individual cells.

Cytology and Histopathology

Cytopathology is generally used on samples of free cells or tissue fragments, in contrast to histopathology, which studies whole tissues.

Bone Marrow Aspiration and Biopsy

Bone marrow biopsy and aspiration can show whether your bone marrow is healthy and making normal amounts of blood cells.

Serology including Hormones

Serology is the scientific study of serum and other body fluids. In practice, the term usually refers to the diagnostic identification of antibodies in the serum.

Tumor Markers and Infective Agents

Tumor markers are substances, often proteins, that are produced by the cancer tissue itself or sometimes by the body in response to cancer growth.


Microbiology is the study of microscopic organisms, such as bacteria, viruses, archaea, fungi and protozoa.